This is Iain Martin’s weekly newsletter, exclusively for Reaction subscribers.

The numbers keep rising. In the first seven months of this year, the EU border agency Frontex detected 176,100 attempts to cross the bloc’s external borders in an unlawful way. That is the highest number since 2016.

The main route of arrival is now the central Mediterranean crossing, where Frontex reports the number of irregular crossings has more than doubled in the last year. An estimated 2,060 people went missing on route in the first seven months of the year.

The authorities are so stretched trying to keep up that there must be doubt about whether the official figures are capturing the full extent of the migratory flow.