ABDULMONAM EASSA / POOL / AFP) (Photo by ABDULMONAM EASSA/POOL/AFP via Getty Images
What is a “civilisation”? What is it that binds people and countries together and makes them flourish? And what is it that makes them wither and die?
These questions are not new – they have been explored by historians across cultures and continents for generations, from the great fourteenth-century Arab scholar Ibn Khaldun to the vast tomes of Edward Gibbon on the decline and fall of the Roman Empire centuries later.