The sentencing today of 12 Catalan separatist leaders by Spain’s Supreme Court to a total of over 100 years in prison has triggered protests in Spain and beyond. With it comes the prospect of many more in the days ahead – not least in Catalonia itself – Spain’s richest region, where separatist sympathisers have threatened mass disruption of the rail network, roads and telecommunication.

The region’s former vice-president Oriol Junqueras has been sentenced to 13 years for sedition and misuse of public funds. The public prosecutor had asked for the maximum tariff of 25 years for rebellion under the constitution of 1978.