Violence has escalated across Israel, the West Bank and Gaza for a fifth night – killing at least 46 people, including an Israeli–Arab father and his daughter in the town of Lod, hit by rocket fire from Gaza. With further rioting, Lod is now under emergency law, following a visit by acting prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Both sides are ramping up for a sustained campaign. Israeli reserve forces have been called up – especially in the central and southern commands, and the border force.