So much for Marine Le Pen. So much for the far-right surge. Emmanuel Macron was re-elected yesterday as President of France by a larger margin than even his most enthusiastic supporters had dared to predict. By 58.8 per cent to 41.2 per cent, he saw off his far-right challenger, becoming the first French president since Jacques Chirac in 2002 to win a second term.

It would be easy to downplay his achievement. After all, in 2017 he secured a two-thirds majority over Le Pen in the second round of a contest marked not only by his own rise, but by the virtual destruction of the traditional centre-left and centre-right parties that had dominated France since the foundation of the Fifth Republic.