“Utopia” is a word invented by Henry VIII’s Chancellor Sir Thomas More as the name of an ideal state; his book of that title was published in 1516 (English translation 1551). It describes “the best conditions of the state” as embodied in an imaginary country off the coast of South America.

The word has been applied to any advanced or perfected social system, thence to circumstances that seem unimprovable or ideal and even to the Garden of Eden and Heaven itself.