1. Saudi Arabia has united with Israel against Iran – and a desert storm is brewing Spectator, John R Bradley

2. Could Rome Have Had an Industrial Revolution? Medium, Dr Mark Koyama

3. Fresh pressure on Boris Johnson as Iran TV brands his comments ‘proof’ against jailed mother Politics Home, Emilio Casalicchio

4. Inside The Curious World Of “Freemen” Who Say They’re Beyond The Law  Buzzfeed, Patrick Smith

5. With 280 characters, here are the Twitter tropes that may bite the dust New Statesman, Amelia Tait