Russian mercenaries of the Wagner corporation are digging their heels in, and moving a lot of earth and sand in the process, ahead of the UN’s deadline for foreign forces to get out of Libya by the weekend. The deadline is part of a peace process tailored by the acting UN Special Representative Stephanie Williams which started with a ceasefire last 23 October.

The next stages are the removal of foreign forces, and the formation of a new executive council now being formed by the all-party Libyan Dialogue Forum – LPDF – just given the seal approve by the UK, France, Italy, Germany and the US. The new body will guide Libya to national elections on 24 December, and the election of a new president.